Why the Nude? at the Art Students League of New York


Last night I attended the opening of Why the Nude? at the Art Students League of New York. The Art Students League is one of those New York institutions I should probably know more about, since I grew up in New York, after all, but which I'm almost totally ignorant of. When you live here, you take a lot of things for granted. One of those things is that you'll hear venerable institutions mentioned in literature and films, and even walk by them on the street, and never once find out what they really are or why they're there.

It turns out the Art Students League is one of those classic New York piles of rock in midtown, with the giant wooden railings and worn steps and floors tiled in tiny squares by craftsmen a hundred years ago. The stairwells have officious letter-sized printouts warning that writing -- "or tagging" -- in the hallways is against policy and anyone caught doing so will be summarily thrown out. So much for the "students" in "Art Students League" -- I've never seen an art school (or any area where artists congregate) that wasn't covered in a gleeful array of scribbles, splotches, and general crap. Even in Paramus, New Jersey, that bastion of middle-class conformity, even there the stop sign nearest to the local Pearl Paint is papered with an incomprehensible melange of weathered stickers. Apparently whatever notions I had of the Art Students League being some outlaw organization forming a safe haven away from the iron gaze and steely fist of the Art Establishment are inaccurate; apparently the Art Students League had, at some point, calcified into its own establishment.

That said, let's talk about the show. I want to get this out of the way early: If you have an even passing interest in the representation of naked humans in art, you should go see this show. The curator -- whose name I cannot ascertain at the moment -- has collected a large assortment of paintings and a few sculptures (and, alas, one video) all related to the subject of the nude. The art here ranges from the mid-1960s all the way to the present and encompasses various approaches; although paintings of the realistic nude predominate, there is one lone quasi-Cubist painting, some drawings, a few photos, and a couple of other unclassifiable things.

Now I'd like to complain a bit. This is so I can end the review on a positive note, not because my complaints are major. It may be that I'm getting jaded, or maybe just crotchety in my old age, but a couple of things bothered me about the show.

The first problem was no one knew who the artists were. I went to the opening hoping to meet artists, in particular Sharon Sprung. No one who worked in the gallery -- not the young women handing out wine, not the person at the information desk -- could tell me if the artists were present, let alone who they were. Granted that a show of this size -- I'm not sure how many artists were represented, but I'm willing to guess about forty -- makes it hard to tell who is who. Still, if you're going to have gallery staff, you could at least introduce them to the artists so they know them.

So I didn't meet even one of the artists, which is a shame. Figuring I was there to meet artists, I decided just to start talking to people. One woman arrived wearing a smock with paint all over the front -- I guess she came in from her studio somewhere else in the building -- and I tried to talk to her, but she brushed me off. Maybe she's tired of weird guys trying to pick her up at galleries. I did speak to one young man taking classes at the Art Students League; he was able to tell me that Costa Vavagiakis, who I desperately wanted to meet after seeing his painting, wasn't around, because this young man is in Costa's drawing class. Costa, he said, is a demanding teacher, but good. Then the young man moved away, possibly because he's shy, but maybe because he, too, is tired of weird guys trying to pick him up at galleries.

Sharon Sprung, R Undressing, 2006, oil on panel, 44x36 inches The other problem is the handout at the door is hopelessly limited and the Website similarly devoid of useful material. The brochure clearly tilts towards realism, with the signature piece being Sharon Sprung's R Undressing, and moreover it lists only seven artists out of the more than forty participating. This oversight forced me to actually take notes, something I have not done in the entire time I've been writing reviews. On the positive side, the free Art Students League catalog has reproductions of a few of the good paintings in the show along with a decent sample of what the school has to offer.

There. The complaining is now mostly over with. On to the art.

R Undressing is the signature piece of the show, gaining pride of place both on the cover of the show brochure and as the first image illustrating the show online. It's also likely to be one of the first paintings you see walking in to the show. And of course it's why I was there, or anyway Sharon Sprung was. I've seen R Undressing several times now down at Gallery Henoch and it's very striking. I think the feelings of heft and volume are its main attraction, but the contrasting color choices -- the figure tends to the yellow side, with the background being a vibrant warm pink tone -- are also appealing. When I saw it with Stephanie Jackson, I mentioned I liked it although it reminded me strongly of a Boris Vallejo painting, both because of the model's musculature and the colors; Stephanie said, "Who?"

I'd hazard to say there were better paintings in the show, but certainly Sharon's work is one of the best. Some paintings jump out at you from across the room; some sneak up on you. R Undressing is one of the ones that jumps out. Anywhere in the room and it would've had a small crowd around it.

By way of contrast, and illustrating my point, right next to it hung Pink Cushion by Joan Semmel. I didn't even notice it until I'd gone around the room once, but when I did notice it, I nearly wept. It's not that the painting is beautiful and it's not that it's so well painted in a technical sense; it's that, when you really look at it, it shows a warmth and love for its subject (it's a self-portrait, by the way) that is deeply moving. So many of the paintings in this show are perfect examples of academic nudes at their highest expression of the perfectability of man; though it's clear the curator tried to mix in some intentionally warts-and-all depictions. Joan Semmel has found, not a middle ground, but a higher plane, where she's depicted an imperfect body in an imperfect way but with such sympathy and care that the true meaning of what it is to be human comes through. At first glance Joan's subject is just a nude woman; if you stand in front of it, though, it slowly unfolds that her subject is older, with her skin beginning to sag, her breasts droop, her veins show. And yet she's still beautiful. We don't get to be young forever, but there's a certain joy to be found in accepting that.

Bouncing around to the other end of the painting spectrum, turn the corner to find a giant Will Cotton painting, Cotton Candy Cloud (from 2006, not one of the earlier ones). Will's painting seduces you entirely whether you want it to or not. It's enormous -- the reclining woman is almost life size -- and pink and soft. The cloud of, yes, cotton candy is luxurious and inviting, and the nude woman sitting in it equally so. She looks out at you with partly-closed eyes, clearly pre- or post-coital, and she's rendered in such numinous, glowing tones as to be irresistable. She's like something out of Vargas, dropped into the early 21st century, less innocent, more knowing. She's the sweet candy of sex: No sweat, no smell, just an explosion of fantasy flavor, and then she's gone.

I can imagine that a painting like this automatically turns some people off. The forthright temptation of the painting, its obvious desire to be loved -- Cotton Candy Cloud fairly slinks across the room and sits in your lap purring -- might immediately irritate some viewers. But I fell for it the same way I'd fall for a pretty girl hawking a crappy cell phone plan.

Sometimes you have to wonder about placement in these big shows. Right up next to Cotton Candy Cloud is a big charcoal drawing, Reclining Nude by Eric Alberts. I'm not sure this drawing would look good in any context -- this is one of those times where I think, "Damn, why aren't my drawings in a show already?" -- but next to Will Cotton's work, Eric's drawing looks like the largest restaurant placemat doodle of all time. I imagine a curator wants to establish some kind of rhythm for visitors as they walk around, but just so you know: Good/Bad is not the kind of rhythm to aim for.

But you can scan past the drawing quickly and get to the painting which is pulling viewers from around the room, Ephraim Rubenstein's Sarah Pregnant. The most striking thing about this painting is that it's round. But a round painting in a rectilinear show is like a woman wearing a low-cut dress to the theater: Once they catch your eye, you may still find they're ugly. Not in this case, though. Sarah Pregnant is a pretty painting, a wonderful love letter from an artist smitten with his model. It is also, as the note next to the painting explains, the first of many paintings of the artist's son.

What struck me most about the painting was Ephraim's style. Most realistic painters choose one of two styles: Either they try to efface their brushstrokes leaving only smooth tones; or they glorify their brushstrokes in quasi-Impressionistic fervor. Ephraim paints the road less traveled: You can see his strokes, they're part of what gives his subject its texture, but they're subtle with almost no impasto. His tones aren't completely blended, but mix on the canvas; and yet the style is more finished than you'd see in, say, Manet. And the paint is laid on lightly -- you can see the translucent edges of his brushstrokes, sometimes down to the canvas primer. Ephraim's light touch makes the painting seem effortless, like an upbeat gospel song compared to the heavy organ works of most realists.

Speaking of impasto, you can go down the line -- don't worry, we'll back up in a minute -- and see the other extreme, of a painter so in love with paint and its texture that he can barely contain himself. Or he's insane, I'm not sure which. Philip Lawrence Sherrod's JOANN'S*..-(RED*NAILS!)"?,_ -- yes, that's the title, as closely as I could copy it -- is a riotous mass of snaky brushstrokes in wildly mottled colors, all swirling around, with sticky-looking peaks and deep runnels, all energetically focused on Joann's quivering twat being held open by the eponymous red-painted fingernails. I would be amazed if Philip did not immediately fuck Joann silly upon finishing this painting; in fact, I'm guessing he stopped several times before the thing was done just to give her a quick jump. There's an element of ugliness to this painting which just makes it better -- sometimes, you want your sex nasty.

All right, now that you're ogling the other gallery goers with more than passing interest, let's back up to that painting we passed. It's easy to walk by, because when you've got Will Cotton on one wall and Philip Lawrence Sherrod on another, one academic nude starts to look like another. But this one -- ah, this one is different.

Costa Vavagiakis, Miranda XI (in progress), oil on panel, 50x42 inches This one is Miranda XI by Costa Vavagiakis, he who I mentioned earlier as being a demanding instructor of drawing. I could have told you he'd be demanding because you can see it in his painting, which shows an absolute mastery of painting technique only achievable through countless hours of practice. As my beloved Professor William F. Ondrick used to say, "There's no substitute for the work. Not even genius." If Costa doesn't have that on a plaque over his door, he has it engraved on his heart.

This reproduction does the painting no justice at all. For one thing, this image (which is from Costa's site) is of the painting in progress. For another thing, the intense detail is entirely invisible at this resolution. What you cannot see is that Costa has not just painted a portrait of a person, he's painted a portrait of that person's skin. Just about every realist painter I've seen, faced with the difficulty of depicting human skin, throws up their hands and just paints. The texture of the paint ends up substituting for the true texture of skin. Because, look at your skin: It's really difficult to render. It's not one color. It's not even two colors. It's a million different colors, with spots, bumps, shades, hairs, wiggles, creases, veins showing through, folds, ripples -- it's staggeringly complex. Faced with that, even the most obsessive of painters is forced to give up and become something of an Impressionist. Rembrandt -- he whose name is synonymous with absolute mastery of painting -- even Rembrandt just slapped a few pinkish and bluish paints on the canvas and said, "Flesh!" I have often looked at my arm (the most easily examined patch of skin I tend to have around) and despaired at ever depicting human skin in anything approaching a realistic manner. I might even have said it was truly impossible.

Costa Vavagiakis has showed me, however, that it is not. Miranda XI is a perfect rendering of the human body, better than any photograph could ever hope to be. All of Miranda's earthly vessel is here reborn. The subtle blue of veins running beneath her skin. The small nodes around her areolae. The folding of the skin around her knuckles. The curve of her ear. Each pore, each hair, each freckle, everything, it's all here.

And more: Miranda stares out of the painting at us. Most nude sitters are coy -- they avert their eyes, or close them, or are seen from the back. They turn their heads demurely to the side or hide them under locks of hair. Not here. Miranda looks the viewer right in the eye with a defiant air. I want to examine the painting closely, but I feel like I'm inches from Miranda's gaze. She knows I want to look, and she's letting me look, but she's also letting me know that maybe, just maybe, she's not too happy about it.

Miranda XI is the kind of painting that may help a viewer understand why Leonardo's Mona Lisa is the most famous painting in the world. In today's culture it's probably impossible to see La Gioconda with fresh eyes; you've seen the painting reproduced so many times, you know her smile better than you know your own mother's. What made the painting so special is lost in its endless repetition. But I think Miranda XI approaches the same level of art and can give modern audiences a taste of what's so great about a great painting.

Moving on. Not everything at this show is flat. There are a few sculptures scattered here and there. One of the most enticing is Krishna, by Judy Fox, who is lounging near the middle of the room.

Jody Fox, Krishna, 2001, bonded marble with casein paint, 30x68x20 inches I'd like to be able to say my first homosexual experience was at the Art Students League. But that would be lying. My first homosexual experience was at Boy Scout camp, like everybody else's. However, I came close to having another homosexual experience upon viewing Krishna, because, damn, he's so beautiful. He's lying there unconcerned, calmly posing in some symbolic form, his penis draped casually over one thigh. Oh yes, Krishna is well-hung. I know he's supposed to be pretty, as he's an important Hindu god, but I didn't realize he was so impressively endowed. If more men actually looked like this, I'd consider switching teams. Or anyway switch-hitting.

Back on the wall, there is Anthony Palumbo's wild Cheese and Crackers. Anthony cheerfully jettisons any attempt at natural coloration or proper drawing to bring forth this wacky painting. I appreciate artists who can use color with imagination; matching colors you can see is difficult, but using colors straight out of your imagination and still making things look right isn't easy, either. Anthony's purples and greens combine to make a recognizable nude in spite of themselves and the result is simply exuberant.

Much more traditional but still vibrant is Standing Nude by Leonid Gervitz. After seeing some of the other work, Leonid hardly looks like the obviously talented painter he is, but what's most arresting about this painting is his Caravaggio-like use of chiaroscuro. That and the cat rubbing against the model's legs.

Finally, on your way out, you might notice a painting you missed coming in. It's right next to the door facing into the room -- facing Sharon's and Joan's paintings, in fact. It is New York Harbor by Robert Neffson. Robert mostly works on city scenes, but in this case he's put someone in front of a vast and detailed buildingscape. His paint handling is in a very different style from many of the more academic artists in this show; he invests more in vivid and sprightly colors. The nude woman strides across the painting in the foreground, pouring water from a bowl into her mouth. There's an air of unforced intimacy in this painting, almost like a snapshot; the woman hides her nudity from outside eyes by holding a cloth draped over her shoulder, but we're on her other side. It's morning in New York and the air feels fresh and clean against her skin, some spilled water drops drying on her arm.

You might leave this show still asking yourself, why the nude? Why indeed? Most of the artists give an answer to this question in the little note cards next to each painting. The best answer may have been given by William Scharf -- whose painting, ironically, isn't even recognizable as a nude -- who wrote, "Why the nude? Why not?"


I hear from Ilene Skeen that Why the Nude? is curated by Pam Koob. Other sources tell me she's the curator of the League collection.

Hey Chris,First, I have to say as an alumni of the ASL I am a bit miffed at your dig at the rules.You go there to put paint on canvas not the f'n walls. They want to have order, and civility, not a junior high free for all of a"tagging" masquerading as "expression".Come t think of it I never noticed anyone "tagging" at the Museum School here in Boston, or at BU, or the Art Institute of Boston, in fact it seemed that all of them had rules about this.What I remember that was so great about the school is that it was an oasis of civility and calm. Outside NYC was going insane, this was the late 70's early 80's and there was a shit load of crime back then. That's not to say shit did not happen.Anyway it was the only school I have ever went to that taught me how to paint, without any political art speak crap and trendy BS.It's very inexpensive, and its democratic, you don't need a portfolio to go. Just show up and work.

One more thing kind of made me think.You took a dig at Rembrandt:even Rembrandt just slapped a few pinkish and bluish paints on the canvas and said, "Flesh!"You need to sit down and study his work more in person, he is not called a master of painting flesh for nothing.There is a diffenence between putting every eyelash and doing a great painting.

Painterdog sez:First, I have to say as an alumni of the ASL I am a bit miffed at your dig at the rules.I'm just the kind of person who innately wants to break rules. I rarely do, but I want to. Nothing makes me want to U-turn in someone's driveway like a sign telling me not to. I would never consider writing on a stairwell wall, but seeing that sign made me want to scribble all over the place.My dig was really more to show how out of date my perception of the ASL was. They may have been rebels a hundred years ago, but these days they ain't. Unless you count the art world shifting around them as making them rebels again.As far as Rembrandt:You need to sit down and study his work more in person, he is not called a master of painting flesh for nothing.Rembrandt is a master, of course. I've seen his work in person (not that I'm an expert). My point was he was something of an Impressionist when it came to skin. I just saw his self-portrait in the National Gallery and realized that Rembrandt is Lucien Freud's direct predecessor. Which is pretty amazing, actually.

Look at his work from when he was in his 20'sHis handeling of flesh is extremly refinded, and the other thing is his ability to realy show the humanity of the person he is painting.There is a self portrait here in Boston at the Isabella Stewart Gardner museum tha is breath taking. He did it when he was 23.The ASL has very interesting range of teachers, from Larry Poons to Costa Vavagiakis. Which is unlike most schools.I don't remember it ever trying to be a place of rebelion.A lot of artist have gone through those doors.From William Merrit Chase to Jackson Pollock.I liked the place myself, I learned a lot and made some good friends.

Antonio López GarcíaIf you don't know this great Spanish painter you should check him out.His drawings are fantastic.

Lovely review. Did you see the show "Naked Since 1950" at C + M Arts a while back? Another show devoted to nudes, but without the academic focus.FYI, I love the Art Students League. Anyone who wants to take class can join, and tuition is absurdly low -- I paid for a class from the cash that happened to be in my wallet.

Lisa asks:Did you see the show "Naked Since 1950" at C + M Arts a while back?I did not. Looks like it was a hell of a show, though. In fact, the Lucian Freud painting in the show looks like my wife.I'm seriously considering taking a drawing class under Costa Vavagiakis. The tuition is absurdly cheap, as you say, and the chance to learn from him is too good to pass up.On the flip side, I'm expecting our styles will clash nastily. I don't handle being told what to do very well.

Painterdog sez:I don't remember it ever trying to be a place of rebelion.That's just because your memory doesn't go back far enough. From the official online history:"Many young artists returning from their studies abroad were 'au courant' with the most modern European developments. They felt that the established members of the Academy were conservative by comparison and thus unsympathetic to their relatively radical ideas and more sophisticated attitudes toward art....In great part, this development reflected the conflict between the 'old guard' at the National Academy and the young rebels: conservative versus progressive, insular as opposed to cosmopolitan."

Oh that far back...1890's...I did hear stories about Pollock's drunken high jinks from a painting teacher I used to study with, he's still there, been there since the end of ww2.

Chris said: I'm seriously considering taking a drawing class under Costa Vavagiakis.If he is a good teacher he won't tell you what to do-he'll guide you based on what you have. I have run across many teachers who tell you what to do and to do what they do which gets a bit tricky, not to mention frustrating if you have developed a process of working. But it's still possible and in fact, really fascinating to learn from someone who works entirely different than you do. I don't like to be told what to do either but usually when I get over it, I end up trying something different and am always glad I did. Except for the last person I worked with who truly was an asshole to me about my manner of painting and drawing the figure.I think if you can, you should take a few classes, it's always good to be exposed to new experiences and the opinions of others as well as learning new technical skills.

Hey Chris,I'm going to through my 2 cents worth on the subject.You should ask yourself why you want to study with this painter, is it because you want to learn how he approaches painting from life?If so I would go for it.However I see the comment about not liking being told what to do as being a little strange in this context.I think that when taking a class with someone who can paint on the level of Costa Vavagiakis, one should be willing to give up a fair amount of resistance to his ideas and methods. After all you want something of what he has or otherwise why study with him. Painting from life is real good for developing some drawing and painting skills as it give you so many problems to slove.For what its worth Vavagiakis is probably good at teaching as they don't get paid much for teaching at the ASL so most of them do because the want to.

Painterdog sez:However I see the comment about not liking being told what to do as being a little strange in this context.I think that when taking a class with someone who can paint on the level of Costa Vavagiakis, one should be willing to give up a fair amount of resistance to his ideas and methods.What I wrote was, I don't handle being told what to do very well. Not that I don't like it. I'd like to be a professional bowler, too, but I don't handle a bowling ball very well.I'm just not good at being told what to do.

geez louise Chris, studing with someone is not about being told what to do.I was never told what to do, you either picked it up from wathcing the demos and the crits or you did not.It's about you, what you want, how you want to grow.The ASL was about doing it and learning the hard way through a lot of trial and error. I spent 5 years studing there.

I definitely get the impression that Costa tells people what to do. You can tell by his paintings. I can see he's very rigid and controlling.Well, if I take a course I'll let everyone know how it goes. It's a question of time and money, as are most things.

Cris heres an idea, I would go to the ASL, see if you can get permission to sit in for while and see what he's like.That way you can find out for sure if he's rigid and controllling

What, and sully this conversation with actual facts? Never!

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